Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne disease due to the dengue virus injection through mosquito bites. Most dengue cases occur in tropical areas of the world like the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia and southern China, etc. Dengue fever is transmitted by the bite of Aedes mosquito infected with a dengue virus. The mosquito becomes infected when it bites a person with a dengue virus in their blood. It cannot spread directly from one person to another person. Dengue symptoms and treatment is given below.
People being infected with dengue fever can have mild or severe symptoms. Dengue Symptoms can easily be confused with other illness that causes fever, aches, and rash. Severe dengue can be life threatening and may require hospitalization at once. Some major dengue symptoms are listed below:
- Sudden high fever
- Severe joint and muscle pain
- Pain behind the Eyes
- Skin rash, which appears 2-5 days after the fever
- Mild Bleeding (in some cases nose or gums starts bleeding)
There is no certain medicine for dengue treatment. Painkillers like acetaminophen (Tylenol) can be used to reduce fever and pain but should be discussed with doctor before using it.
Aspirin and Naproxen Sodium should be avoided, which can worsen the condition of the patient by increase bleeding in gums or nose. Plenty of fluids help to avoid weakness due to fever so stay hydrated. Juices like apple and sugarcane with lemon are beneficial to treat the disease. The dengue fever decreases the platelets count rapidly which results in bleeding so doctors suggest necessary tests to keep eyes on platelets counts.
This deadly epidemic has spread in India and Pakistan to a horrifying rate during the past months. Only in Pakistan, 20,000 dengue cases and 34 deaths have been confirmed in recent months. In Pakistan, the highest risk cities are Rawalpindi and Islamabad. From where 51% of the total dengue cases in the country are reported. Hundreds of dengue cases are also reported from India especially from New Delhi and Hyderabad. In India 6,210 cases of dengue with 6 deaths have been reported this year. Out of five worst hit states, four are in south India: Karnataka (1303 cases), Tamil Nadu (988 cases), Telangana (767 cases) and Kerala (469 cases, 4 deaths)
Government Policies to control Dengue Virus
Dengue outbreak is a consequence of heavy rainfall in monsoon this year in the region. The government is also taking steps to control the dengue virus in the countries. Spraying anti-mosquito sprays in the overpopulated areas and making public aware by short documentaries being telecasted on television. For India, the USFDA with the Center for disease control and prevention (CDC) has proved the first vaccine for Dengue Prevention. However, to control the dengue virus this vaccine will take ten years to reach India.
- Wear long sleeves shirt especially.
- Use mosquito repellents.
- Prevent access of mosquito to an already infected person.
- Use net where there are many mosquitoes.
- Standing water areas should be avoided especially at dawn and dusk. At this time, the mosquito activity is maximum.